Weight Loss Terms

Please review an alphabetized list of weight loss terms.

BMI (Body Mass Index)

The BMI is a number physicians use to help determine your risk of illness. This number does not reveal your percentage of body fat.


A calorie is how we measure the amount of energy stored in food and used by cells to sustain life.

Calorie Deficit

We all have daily calorie requirements that must be met to sustain life and maintain a healthy weight. In order to lose weight, you must implement a calorie deficit in our diet plan. This simply means that you eat less than your current daily calorie requirements. And as a result, you will lose weight.

Daily Calorie Requirements

The calculated amount of calories that you need to eat each day in order to live, breath, function, and maintain weight. Your daily calorie requirements can then be used to determine how many calories are needed to lose weight.


Fasting is not eating. This is a popular technique used with the keto diet. With not food or energy given to the body, the body is forced to use stored fats for energy.


Macronutrients are the carbohydrates, proteins, and fats that we need to nourish our body. Macronutrients are needed in gram quantities.

Maintenance Diet

A maintenance diet is a diet in which you eat enough calories to maintain a specified weight. Therefore, the goal is to maintain a certain weight instead of continuing to lose weight.


The rate at which your body converts food and stored body fat into energy.


Micronutrients are essential elements that we need to carry out a range of physiological activities and thereby used to maintain health. (i.e. potassium is a micronutrient required to help regulate and lower blood pressure) Micronutrients are needed in smaller milligram amounts.

Target Heart Rate

The rate at which your heart should be beating when you are getting enough exercise (“cardio workout”).

Weight Loss Plateau

A term used when a person is still dieting for weight loss, but has stopped losing weight for a lengthy period of time.

This concludes our list of weight loss terms.

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