Macrominerals are required in larger amounts than the trace minerals. The different macrominerals that are needed to carry out different assigned roles in the body include calcium, chloride, phosphorus, magnesium, sodium, potassium, and sulfur. Each of these will be briefly introduced on this page.
Calcium is an essential macromineral that helps sustain our life. Many associate calcium with building strong bones and teeth. However, calcium also has a vital role in making our blood clot, our muscles contract, and our heart beat. Calcium is primarily stored in our bones and teeth.
Phosporus works with calcium to help build strong bones. When calcium levels are high, less phosporus is absorbed than when calcium levels are low. Phosphorus also has an important role in energy production (ATP). In addition, this macromineral has a structural role in DNA and cell membranes.
Magnesium is the fourth most abundant mineral in the body. So, the fact that this macromineral is needed to carry out over 300 chemical reaction in the body is no surprise! Some of the things is does is support a healthy immune system and work with calcium to regulate our heartbeat. According to one source, almost 70% of American adults do not consume the daily recommended dose of magnesium. Low magnesium levels can result in high blood pressure, heart disease, weakness, and depression. These findings are consistent with the fact that magnesium has a role in regulating blood sugar levels, maintaining nerve and muscle function. And it also helps in energy production and protein production.
Sodium is an essential electrolyte that works with potassium to maintain blood pressure balance. Sodium is responsible for maintaining proper fluid balance within and around our cells. Therefore, this macromineral is essential for proper nerve and muscle function. Without enough sodium, a person may experience muscle cramps, lightheadedness, dizziness, and fatigue. On the other hand, too much sodium can lead to hypertension and kidney disease. Since sodium is a preservative, most American diets consist of far more sodium than the body needs and not enough potassium.
Potassium is an electrolyte that transports sodium. In this way, potassium also helps regulate the electrolyte fluid balance in the body. And as a result, nerve signals and muscle contractions are regulated. When an imbalance occurs, dizziness, muscle cramps, and heart palpitations may occur. In a healthy person, a diet that is low in potassium can lead to high blood pressure. We get potassium from the fruits and vegetables that we eat.
Chloride is an electrically charge mineral. It helps the body maintain the proper blood volume, blood pressure, and necessary pH balance. Therefore, it too works along with sodium and potassium to regulate our fluid balance by moving fluids in and out of cells. Chloride is found in foods and along with sodium, in table salt.
Sulfur is another important macromineral that stay under the radar. It is use in the synthesis of insulin and collagen. It is also require for the production of two of our essential amino acids. Sulphur is present in glutathione, which is one of the most important antioxidants found in the body.
This concludes the introduction to macrominerals. However, I am looking forward to elaborating on calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, sodium, potassium, chloride, and sulphur. Please subscribe via email below to get our blog posts. You are also invited to like and follow us on Facebook and Instagram. If you have any comments or questions about macrominerals, share them in a comment below.